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History of Corsica

Even though Corsica is a small piece of the paradisiac world lodged on the Mediterranean Sea, its history is much larger, telling deep and shattering experiences. Many colonies wanted to conquer this island of beauty from the Greeks to the Romans, a phenomenon that lasted almost 700 years. The wars did not end, none of the invaders allowed themselves to be dominated by the conquerors, and vice versa.

The story begins in 565 BC. J.C, a period of striking conflict between the Phoenicians, occupying the territories, and the Phocaeans, who discovered the island quite late as these congeners. The Phocaeans, having been powerful, were able to tame the Corsican lands by bringing their culture (vine, wheat, urban dwellings, etc.), but their reign was brief in the following century after the arrival of the Carthaginians.

It was in 259 BC. J.C that the Romans landed on the island. The war they waged was rough endangering human life in Corsica. In order to bring order and peace, the Republic (Rome) signed a contract of pacification with the local population which led to a stable and prosperous period.

In the 4th century, the invasion of the barbarians could cause disturbances in Corsica. Under the governance of the Romans, the island experienced complications after the arrival of the Vandals, it is the first economic crisis that crosses Corsica. Seeing the population of the island suffer under the barbarous influence, the Pope of the time set up several bishoprics, but this was in vain all the more because the incursions of the Saracens were increasingly important.

A small glimmer of hope was born on 6 August 1284 after the victory of Genoa during the battle of Maloria. This brought a very brief stability until the day when the Genoese began to dominate the Corsican territories. Having observed the phenomenon, the Office of St. George proclaimed a campaign of pacification to avoid unnecessary loss of life. It is noteworthy that the Genoese ruled over 500 years on the Corsican land. It is in the years 1478 that the calm seems to return little by little.